Gingivitis – Symptoms and Causes

Gingivitis – Symptoms and Causes

Poor oral hygiene causes gum disease and failure to treat gum disease can cause severe and dangerous damage to the teeth.

Gum disease is one of the most common oral diseases and is ignored because these diseases are often painless, and this issue has caused it to be missed.
Gum disease is hazardous and can cause tooth loss in adults. It can occur at any age but is more common in adults. It can be easily treated with an initial diagnosis by a dentist.

Gingivitis is a bacterial disease that causes an infection in the patient’s oral cavity by involving the gums. The onset of the disease is usually accompanied by symptoms such as bad breath. If gum infection is not controlled, it can lead to complications such as abscesses, dental cysts, tooth decay and disease, and eventually, lose of teeth.


Not brushing regularly and not flossing can cause plaque, and the bacteria in dental plaque can have a devastating effect on both the gums and teeth, as well as the bone that holds the teeth together, leading to gingival resorption. Therefore, poor oral hygiene is the most common cause of gum disease.

What Is a Gum Infection?

This is gingivitis – symptoms and causes.
Gingivitis begins when food left in the mouth combines with saliva and bacterial plaque that sticks to the tooth surface. If plaque and plaque are not removed with a toothbrush and toothpaste, they may form plaque or plaque.

The plaque is very hard and can only be removed with the help of professional dental tools.
Plaque is full of harmful bacteria and if it is not removed from the teeth, they start to irritate the gums and cause gingivitis. If gingivitis is not treated, it often spreads from the gums to the bones, leading to periodontitis or pyorrhea.

When the underlying bone becomes infected, it begins to degenerate and a deep groove forms in the gums. These grooves, known as pockets, are very difficult to clean and accumulate a lot of plaque and bacteria that cause more bone loss.

As the gingivitis progresses to the next stage, more bone tissue is lost, so the tooth gradually loosens and falls out.

Symptoms of Gum Disease

  • Red gums
  • Infection between the gums or teeth
  • Taste or body odor of the mouth
  • Taste or Bad breath
  • Gum pain
  • Changes in the placement model of artificial teeth
  • Painful wounds
  • Loss of permanent teeth
  • Cold sensitivity
  • Penetration of the infection to a depth of 7 mm
  • Feel the taste of metal in the mouth
  • Excess saliva in the mouth
  • Fever

What Causes Gum Infections?

Gingivitis is mainly caused by do not oral hygiene because the bacteria in plaque remain on the teeth, plaque infects the gums. Other factors increase the risk of gingivitis. Some of the most common factors are:

  • Smoking
  • Crooked or overlapping teeth create more space for plaque to build up and make it harder to clean.
  • Hormonal changes during puberty, pregnancy, and menopause are usually associated with increased gingivitis.
  • Cancer and cancer treatment makes a person more prone to infection and increases the risk of gingivitis.
  • An alcoholic drink that negatively affects the oral defence mechanisms.
    Stress, which weakens the body’s immune system against bacterial attacks.
  • Mouth breathing can be a problem for the gums and can cause gingivitis.
  • Improper nutrition, such as diets high in sugar and carbohydrates and low water intake, increases plaque formation.
  • Lack of important nutrients such as vitamin C.
  • Diabetes impairs blood circulation and the ability of the gums to heal.
  • Medications such as anticoagulants increase gingivitis.
  • Poor tooth care
  • Low saliva production.

Treatment of Gum Infection

You should see your dentist first. Today, with the advancement of medical and dental science, patients are offered various methods to treat gingival infections.

You can use modern methods of treating gingivitis to prevent, control and treat gingivitis. Among the most important methods of treating gingival infections can be used such as the use of antibiotic treatments, continuous use of toothbrushes and floss, use of mouthwash solutions for the treatment of gingivitis and…

You can also use home remedies for temporary treatment of gingival infections, the most important of which is the use of the saline solution. However, these methods are less effective than these and will not help treat your gum infection in severe cases.

In general, eliminating the cause of gingivitis is the main method of prevention and treatment of this disease, and until these factors are stable, the inflammation and infection of the gums will come to your gums every once in a while. It is best to always consult your dentist to treat this condition.

Can Gingivitis Cause Bad Taste Mouth?

The most common reasons for a bad breath have to do with dental hygiene.

Bad breath or halitosis is more commonly associated with oral diseases such as gingivitis. Not flossing and brushing regularly can cause gingivitis, which bad breath in your mouth.

When oral bacteria break down toothpaste, bad-smelling chemicals are released. Bad breath can be caused by plaque on the tongue.

Bad teeth can be removed when the plaque is removed using a toothbrush, floss, or professional dental tools. This is the easiest way to get rid of bad breath, but it may take some time.


How Is Gingivitis Diagnosed?

The following methods are helpful to diagnosing gingivitis – symptoms and causes:

  • Measuring the gums: A dentist or health professional uses a periodontal probe once a year to measure the depth of the envelopes around the teeth. Healthy gums have sacs 1 to 3 mm deep. The deeper the sacs, the more severe the disease.
  • X-rays: X-rays of the teeth show the surface of the underlying bone and determine if the bone has been destroyed by gingivitis.
  • Examination of sensitive teeth: Teeth that have become sensitive around the gum line may indicate gingival resorption.
  • Examination of the gums: The dentist examines the red, swollen, or bleeding gums.

One Response

  1. A Gingivitis is a form of gum disease, a gingivitis is caused by the buildup of plaque. If you have gingivitis or think you might have gingivitis, we understand that you might have some anxiety around what to do about it. A regular check up to your dentist can prevent.

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