A bone graft in a dental implant is a bone graft operation in the jaw sinuses to create a suitable substrate for implant placement.
Bone grafts in dental implants are performed on people who cannot have new teeth implanted due to weakness in the jawbone.
We can refer to the sinus lift to introduce a bone graft operation in a dental implant.
By measuring the distance from the jaw bone’s surface to the tooth’s upper sinus, the type of bone graft operation for a dental implant can be determined.
Whether the implant requires a bone graft or an implant without a bone graft depends entirely on the jawbone condition.
Bone grafts in dental implants are performed on teeth of different types. The main reason for tooth transplantation is to create a suitable substrate for implant placement.
Bone grafting in dental implants usually takes place simultaneously as the implant.
What Does A Bone Graft in an Implant Mean?
Bone grafting in dental implants is a procedure used to reconstruct bone when a tooth needs to be implanted for people whose gingival and jawbones have been weakened.
This type of operation is divided into different types depending on the type of bone powder for transplantation and the degree of damage to the jaw bone.
Suppose the amount of bone damage is related to the maxilla and to the extent that they are a major problem for dental implants.
In that case, sinus transplants are used to perform bone grafts on implants, in which this type of operation is widely used between bone grafts and implants.
The implant should be at least 6 to 10 months apart.
But in a milder case, the implant can be implanted at the same time as the bone graft.
Perform Bone Grafting by Increasing the Ridge
In this type of bone grafting operation in a dental implant, the ridge augmentation method is used to increase the jawbone’s height or the jawbone’s width.
This is done when the height and width of the bone are not strong enough to support the dental implant.
At this time, ridge surgery is performed to increase bone density where there is bone weakness.
Types of Bone Grafts in Implants Based on The Type of Bone Graft
The types of bone grafts in dental implants are based on two basic indicators in this operation, such as the source from which the bone was taken for transplantation and the place where the bone is damaged for dental implants and is divided into the following categories.
Autograft Bone Grafting
A bone graft called an autograft is a bone graft in a dental implant, a condition in which the patient’s own body receives the bone needed for the transplant.
Autograft or autogenous bone grafts are often the first choices of dental professionals because transplants taken from the patient’s body give the best results, among other options for bone grafts in dental implants.
One of the benefits of this type of bone graft is the living bone marrow cells taken from the patient, which helps it grow and repair continuously after a bone graft in a dental implant.
But the disadvantage of this method is that to get a bone graft from a person’s body, another surgery must be performed.
Allograft Bone Grafting
In this type of bone graft, known as an allograft, the bone needed for one person is provided by another person’s body, which in most cases is provided by a bone graft bank.
This type of bone grafting in dental implants is intended for people who do not want to get a bone graft from their body or need a large amount of bone for transplantation.
The advantages of this bone graft in dental implants can be that there is no need for a second surgery, and the presence of bone grafts is unlimited, in contrast to the poor performance of allografts or allergens in bone regeneration and the need for more time to repair bone before implant the disadvantages of this method are unknown.
Zeno bone graft
This type of bone grafting is done in dental implants using the bones of other living organisms such as cows, and the similarity of the bone tissues of all organisms has made it possible for humans to use their bone grafts.
These types of bone grafts, which are non-sterile compounds made from the organic matter of other organisms’ bones, act as a support on the main bone, and after the natural bone is rebuilt, these compounds are destroyed.
Alloplast bone graft
In this type of bone graft, synthetic materials are used in dental implants to form bone tissue.
These substances stimulate the body to form natural bone at the dental implant site.
Although the allograft bone grafting method is less effective than allogeneic (autograft bone grafting), it is less likely to cause various infections at the implant site.
Bone Graft in the Implant to Reconstruct Jaw Bone (Sinus Lift)
One of the most important reasons for the need for bone grafts in dental implants is bone resorption, which in medical parlance is called Osteopetrosis.
Bone resorption leads to fragility and the possibility of damage to the jaw or gum bone, which has a negative effect on the function of the teeth.
If you have such problems with implant placement, sinus transplantation or sinus lift methods are generally used to reconstruct the implant site and bone graft in the dental implant.
Simultaneous Bone Graft and Implant
Loss of one or more teeth and late procedures for dental implants can lead to weakness and fragility in the jawbone.
This happens during implant placement if the distance between the jawbone and the upper sinus of the tooth is about 3 mm, forcing you to use a bone graft in the dental implant and create a suitable bed for the implant placement.
Creating a Gap between the Bone Graft and the Implant
This type of transplantation occurs when the depth of bone resorption is up to 5 mm from the edge of the bone to the upper sinus of the tooth.
In this type of bone grafting operation in a dental implant, which is called a sinus lift, due to the weakness and fragility of the maxillofacial bone, after placing the bone graft material and closing the sinus, it takes about 6 to 10 months to repair the bone.
The conditions for implant placement are coming.
Post-Transplant Care in Dental Implants
Important points of care after bone grafting in dental implants include the following:
- Avoid touching the wound after a bone graft on the implant.
- Avoid frequent and excessive rinsing of the mouth at this time.
- Avoid spitting saliva overnight and re-bleeding at the wound site.
- Avoid smoking and smoking.
- Do not use a straw when eating because it puts pressure on the auction site.
- Be sure to take the medication prescribed by your dentist.