Pregnancy can cause dental problems in some women, such as gum disease, and increase the risk of tooth decay. During pregnancy, the body’s hormone levels increase and cause it to affect dental plaque. Pregnancy will not automatically cause tooth damage. If the mother does not get enough calcium during pregnancy, the calcium needed by the fetus is supplied from the bones of the mother. Calcium deficiency occurs quickly after breastfeeding. Fetal calcium requirements during pregnancy can cause oral health problems in some women. If pregnant women care about their oral hygiene and follow all the necessary tips, they should not have oral problems during pregnancy.
Proper care of the gums and teeth during pregnancy can help maintain the health of the mother and fetus. Having proper nutrition, choosing the right toothbrush and floss and using it properly and seeing a dentist regularly are some of the things that need to be started before pregnancy to reduce the risk of oral problems during pregnancy and The fetus is born in perfect health.
How are Dental Health Problems Diagnosed During Pregnancy?
You should visit your dentist regularly before and dental health during pregnancy to assess the condition of your teeth. If it has been a long time since your last visit to the dentist, you should visit a dentist early in your pregnancy. When you go to the dental clinic, you should inform her that you are pregnant and inform her of any medication you are taking. If you are not pregnant yet, tell your dentist that you are planning to become pregnant. It is very important to have dental examinations during pregnancy so that your dentist can diagnose and treat your problems. Regular cleaning of teeth can prevent tooth decay. If you have any problems, your dentist will recommend treatment during pregnancy and after delivery. If the dentist diagnoses that you have oral problems, he or she will order an X-ray. Dental imaging can show dental problems such as caries under the gums or loss of jawbone. X-rays use weak X-rays. But before taking a picture, you should tell your doctor that you are pregnant to use special devices and equipment to cover around your neck, this will protect you and the fetus.
Some pregnant women develop tumours called pregnancy tumours due to hormonal changes during pregnancy. These tumours are not malignant and usually appear between the teeth in the second trimester of pregnancy and do look much like raspberries. If these tumours cause pain and discomfort, the dentist will remove them, but in most cases, these tumours disappear after delivery.
Taking painkillers such as acetaminophen can temporarily help relieve toothache, but all pregnant women should consult their doctor before taking any medication. In most cases, taking aspirin and ibuprofen during pregnancy is not considered a safe drug. Pregnant women should only take these medications as long as their doctor allows.
Infection and Inflammation of the Gums During Pregnancy
Pregnancy will not happen without hormones. Dental health during pregnancy, you get a little depressed, your bladder gets smaller, and for a variety of reasons, you always want to eat weird foods like peanut butter and pickles. Hormones also play a role in gingivitis during pregnancy, causing swelling and inflammation of the gums during pregnancy. If you notice that your gums bleed frequently during pregnancy, you should not ignore it. It is very important to visit a dentist and your dentist will advise you to use specialized methods and cleaning your teeth regularly until the fetus is born. At home, you should pay special attention to your oral hygiene. Using a soft-bristled toothbrush can reduce the risk of gingivitis, so if you use the right toothpaste, you reduce the risk of plaque, plaque, and gingivitis. Keep in mind that you should floss at least once a day to clean your teeth because swollen gums make food stick easily to hard-to-reach areas, so along with using the right toothbrush and toothpaste. Be sure to floss.
Treatment of Toothache During Pregnancy
When pregnant women suffer from gum disease and toothache more than others due to hormonal changes. Sensitivity and tooth decay are among the possible causes of toothache. In these people, the dentist treats the problem of tooth decay and gum disease, but these patients can take care of their mouth and teeth by following a few tips at home. Here are some things you can do to help relieve your toothache (under the supervision of a dentist):
- Use painkillers
- Rinse your mouth with warm water
- Use antiseptic compounds
- Use cold or hot compresses
Sometimes using a hot or cold compress can temporarily help relieve pain. To do this, you can use a hot water bag and place it on the painful part of your face. Applying an ice pack to the painful area of the face can numb it. You can use this method if necessary.
How Can Oral Health Problems be Prevented?
Here are some important dental health during pregnancy things you can do to help keep your mouth and gums healthy:
- Brush your teeth daily with fluoride toothpaste and floss
Brush your teeth twice a day with a soft toothbrush and toothpaste. Floss once a day. Brushing and flossing regularly can prevent plaque and tooth decay.
- Visit a dentist once every 6 months, even during pregnancy
Eat healthy foods to get enough nutrients for you and your baby. In the third to sixth months of pregnancy, fetal teeth begin to form. Consuming calcium, protein, vitamins A, C and D can help keep your fetal teeth healthy and growing.
- Get more calcium during pregnancy
You should increase your intake of dairy products during pregnancy to get enough calcium to your body. Getting enough calcium can provide essential nutrients for fetal growth. In the following section, we refer to the excellent sources of calcium-containing products:
- Unsweetened yogurt
- Calcium-rich soy milk